EFEKTIFITAS ATRAKTAN TERHADAP LALAT BUAH BELIMBING DI JAWA TIMUR

Moch. Sodiq, Sudarmadji, dan Sutoyo

Fakultas Pertanian UPN “Veteran” Jawa Timur,

Jl. Raya Rungkut Madya, Gunung Anyar – Surabaya.

e-mail :hmochsodiq@gmail.com

ABSTRAK

Lalat buah telah menjadi salah satu hama penting pada tanaman belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L.). Guna mengatasi serangan lalat buah, petani selalu membungkus buah dan memasang atraktan metil eugenol pada tanaman belimbing pada saat tanaman berbunga sampai dengan buah belimbing dipanen, namun hasilnya belum optimal dalam mengendalikan lalat buah, sehingga perlu dicari cara lain untuk mengendalikan lalat buah belimbing yang lebih efektif. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menguji keefektifan kombinasi jenis zat penarik/atraktan, perangsang bau pakan, warna dan volume tempat atraktan terhadap lalat buah belimbing. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada lahan belimbing petani di Kabupaten Blitar dan Tuban. Sedangkan untuk mengetahui jenis lalat buah yang menyerang buah belimbing, dilakukan identifikasi di laboratorium Hama Tanaman. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dan setiap perlakuan diulang 4 kali. Parameter yang diamati adalah jumlah, kelamin dan spesies lalat buah yang terperangkap. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi antara jenis atraktan M. bracteata, perangsang bau pakan jus jambu biji, serta warna kuning dan volume 1,5 ℓ tempat atraktan paling efektif untuk memikat lalat buah belimbing jantan dan betina. Lalat buah yang terperangkap hanya satu jenis yaitu Bactrocera carambolae.


Kata kunci: Efektivitas, atraktan, Lalat Buah

ABSTRACT

Fruit flies have become one of the important pests in plants starfruit (Averrhoa carambola L.). In order to overcome the attack of fruit flies, always wrap the fruit growers and install attractant methyl eugenol at starfruit crop during the flowering plants to the star fruit is harvested, but the results are not optimal in controlling fruit flies, making it necessary to find other ways to control the star fruit flies were more effective. The research objective was to test the effectiveness of a combination of substances towing / attractants, feeding stimulants odor, color and volume to a fly attractant a star fruit. Research was conducted on land farmers in Blitar and Tuban. As for knowing the type of fruit flies that attack the star fruit, be identified in laboratory Plant Pests. Research using completely randomized design and each treatment was repeated 4 times. Parameters measured were the type, number, and trapped fruit fly sex attractant.Results of the study is a combination of the type of attractant M. bracteata, stimulating smell of guava juice feed, as well as yellow and a volume of 1.5 ℓ most effective attractant to lure star fruit fly males and females. The fruit flies were trapped only one type that is Bactrocera carambolae.

Keywords: Effectiveness, attractants, and Fruit Flies

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